Type 1 vs. Type 2

Type 1 Diabetes

If your body doesn’t make enough insulin, this is called Type 1 diabetes. In this type of diabetes, your pancreas does not make any insulin. This means you have to take insulin shots for the rest of your life. Also:

  • Type 1 starts at a young age but may come on as an adult.
  • It comes on quickly.
  • Usually happens to a thin person.

Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas still makes insulin but your body cannot use it very well. Most people with diabetes have Type 2. In Type 2 diabetes:

  • Your pancreas makes some insulin but not enough.
  • The insulin that your body makes is not able to move the sugar from your blood into your cells.
  • It usually starts after age 35 but is now seen in children too.
  • It comes on slowly.
  • The person is usually overweight. 

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Some things can make it more likely for you to develop Type 2 diabetes, such as:

  • Lifestyle
  • Age
  • Weight
  • Having diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
  • Family history
  • Prediabetes 
  • Race